What is Sexual Health?

Sexual health is an important part of our physical and mental health. When we talk about someone’s sexual health, we are not only referring to the presence of a disease or dysfunction, but also how they feel physically, emotionally, socially, and spiritually about their own sexuality. Good sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships. Sexual experiences should be safe and pleasurable, free of coercion, discrimination, and violence. Good sexual health is about making choices around sex and sexuality that are right for your own body and mind.

Improving your own sexual health

There is still a lot of stigma around sex and many publications tend to focus on the “risks” involved with sex (for example with regards to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or unintended pregnancies) rather than emphasizing the fact that it is an important and natural part of life and human behavior.

Men’s sexual health

Most of the male reproductive system is external, and include the penis, urethra, and testicles. These work together with the internal components, the epididymis, vas deferens, and accessory glands, to ensure sperm is kept at the correct temperature and can be propelled out of the testis into a woman’s reproductive system for reproduction.

Diagnosing sexual health issues

Your doctor will take a complete history and ask you what your symptoms are. They may ask you about psychological, physical, or spiritual aspects of your life that may have an impact on your sexual wellbeing.
Laboratory tests are usually only conducted if symptoms suggest a medical cause for the condition. A physical examination may be conducted depending on the sexual health issue being investigated. Physical examinations should include the whole body and not be limited to the reproductive system.

Treatment Options

Treatment depends on the cause of sexual dysfunction. Medical causes that are reversible or treatable are usually managed medically or surgically. Counseling may be an option for some people.